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REDD+ as 'inclusive' neoliberal conservation: the case of Lindi, Tanzania

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dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-04 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-06T18:15:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-06T18:15:11Z
dc.date.issued 2017-08-04 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/11066
dc.description.abstract In recent years, market-based conservation has emerged as the 'panacea' to the environmental crises we face today. A prominent example of this trend is REDD+, which turns terrestrial carbon in the global South into fictitious commodities that can be sold for profit. In this paper, we conceptualise REDD+ as a form of 'inclusive' neoliberal conservation, highlighting how neoliberalism has embraced notions of good governance, local ownership, social safeguards and active citizenship when promoting global conservation markets. While demonstrating the genuine efforts by project proponents to practice 'inclusion', we highlight their limits due to larger structural inequalities and demonstrate how the commodification of carbon inevitably causes new forms of inclusion and exclusion to local forest users. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in two forest-dependent villages in the Lindi Region of Tanzania, where two different REDD+ projects were underway, we show how material and discursive powers shaped inclusive'' strategies to market forest-carbon. We then locate these strategies, concerned with the commodification of forest-carbon, within a historical field of power struggles and local politics over forest resources, strongly evidenced in contestations around establishing community-based forest management. We argue that a sharp disjuncture operated between the 'inclusive' strategies to market forest-carbon and the historical dimensions and power relations within the area; resulting in new forms of inclusions and exclusions, both in and outside rural villages. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject TANZANIA en
dc.subject CONSERVATION en
dc.subject FORESTRY en
dc.title REDD+ as 'inclusive' neoliberal conservation: the case of Lindi, Tanzania en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 11(3) en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup Economic Perfomance and Development en
dc.SourceTitle Journal of Eastern African Studies en
dc.ArchiveNumber 9864 en
dc.PageNumber 526-548 en
dc.outputnumber 8773 en
dc.bibliographictitle Scheba, A. & Scheba, S. (2017) REDD+ as 'inclusive' neoliberal conservation: the case of Lindi, Tanzania. <i>Journal of Eastern African Studies</i>. July:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2017 en
dc.contributor.author1 Scheba, A. en
dc.contributor.author2 Scheba, S. en

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