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Prevalence and risk factors for child mental disorders in a population-based cohort of HIV-exposed and unexposed African children aged 7-11 years

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dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-31 en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-14T12:22:07Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-14T12:22:07Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-31 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/12284
dc.description.abstract Despite being home to a large population of vulnerable children there is a dearth of population-based evidence on childhood mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa. Parent and child mental health are rarely measured concurrently, despite potential for confounding with other risk factors, including parental HIV. Using the parent-report Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) we assessed children's mental health in a population-based cohort of 1536 HIV-negative children (31% HIV-exposed, 18% HIV-affected, 51% HIV-unexposed) aged 7-11 years. CBCL was scored using CBCL Rating-to-Score software. A binary indicator was determined using the clinical threshold of 65. We modelled mental disorders using logistic regression, including covariates associated with the mother, child, household, and parenting. Structural equation modelling techniques also derived continuous latent variables representing the underlying mental health and parent-relationship constructs. Prevalence of conduct disorders (11.8%) was high, regardless of HIV exposure, while HIV-affected children had increased odds of affective disorders. Maternal depression increased odds of externalising disorders; maternal anxiety was associated with affective and anxiety disorders. Mother-child relationship dysfunction increased odds of all disorders, including: affective [aOR = 5.1 (2.6-9.9)]; oppositional [aOR = 7.9 (4.0-15.5)]; conduct [aOR = 4.3 (2.6-7.2)] disorders. Food insecurity and male gender increased odds of somatic disorders; breastfeeding halved odds of conduct disorders. In the latent model, associations were substantially stronger for the mother-child relationship and externalising disorders (Oppositional 0.464 p < 0.001; Conduct 0.474 p = <0.001). Conduct disorders were high for all children regardless of HIV exposure. The mother-child relationship was strongly related to all child disorders, suggesting potential for concurrent interventions targeting child behaviours and the parent-child or mother-child relationship en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject CHILDREN en
dc.subject MENTAL HEALTH en
dc.subject RISK BEHAVIOUR en
dc.title Prevalence and risk factors for child mental disorders in a population-based cohort of HIV-exposed and unexposed African children aged 7-11 years en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume April en
dc.BudgetYear 2018/19 en
dc.ResearchGroup Human and Social Development en
dc.SourceTitle European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10404 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 9364 en
dc.bibliographictitle Rochat, T.J., Houle, B., Stein, A., Pearson, R.M. & Bland, R.M. (2018) Prevalence and risk factors for child mental disorders in a population-based cohort of HIV-exposed and unexposed African children aged 7-11 years. <i>European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry </i>. April:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2018 en
dc.contributor.author1 Rochat, T.J. en
dc.contributor.author2 Houle, B. en
dc.contributor.author3 Stein, A. en
dc.contributor.author4 Pearson, R.M. en
dc.contributor.author5 Bland, R.M. en


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