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Subjective social status and inequalities in depressive symptoms: a gender-specific decomposition analysis for South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-24T13:15:15Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-24T13:15:15Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/14097
dc.description.abstract Inequalities in mental health are a notable and well documented policy concern in many countries, including South Africa. Individuals' perception of their position in the social hierarchy is strongly and negatively related to their mental health, whilst the global burden of poor mental health is greater amongst women. This paper offers a first glimpse of the factors that shape gender-based health inequalities across subjective social status. This study employs the cross-sectional 2014 South African Social Attitudes Survey (SASAS). The prevalence of depressive symptoms is measured with the aid of the CES-D 8-item scale, with analyses disaggregated by gender. The most important contributor to SSS-related inequalities in depressive symptoms, at 61%, is subjective social status itself (contributing 82% in females versus 44% in males). Other variables that make large contributions to the inequalities in depressive symptoms at 11% each are race (contributing 2% in females versus 25% in males) and childhood conflict (contributing 17% in females versus 4% in males). Policy makers should target a reduction in the positive contribution of SSS to depression via the implementation of programmes that improve social welfare. Given the much greater contribution to inequalities among females, these policies should target women. Policies that protect children and especially the girl child from conflict can also be useful in reducing inequalities in depression related to subjective social status during adulthood. Overall, there is need for a multi-sectoral approach to address these inequalities. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject GENDER EQUALITY en
dc.subject SOCIAL INCLUSION en
dc.subject DEPRESSION en
dc.title Subjective social status and inequalities in depressive symptoms: a gender-specific decomposition analysis for South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber TAAMAA en
dc.Volume 18 en
dc.BudgetYear 2019/20 en
dc.ResearchGroup Research Use and Impact Assessment en
dc.SourceTitle International Journal for Equity in Health en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10917 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 9998 en
dc.bibliographictitle Mutyambizi, C, Booysen, F., Stornes, P. & Eikemo, T.A. (2019) Subjective social status and inequalities in depressive symptoms: a gender-specific decomposition analysis for South Africa. <i>International Journal for Equity in Health</i>. 18:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2019 en
dc.contributor.author1 Mutyambizi, C en
dc.contributor.author2 Booysen, F. en
dc.contributor.author3 Stornes, P. en
dc.contributor.author4 Eikemo, T.A. en


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