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Dietary behaviors, psychological well-being, and mental distress among university students in ASEAN

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dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-12 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-11T09:15:54Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-11T09:15:54Z
dc.date.issued 2017-06-29 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/10968
dc.description.abstract Dietary intake is important for physical and mental health. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of dietary behaviors on psychological well-being and mental distress in a large cross-national sample of university students from five ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam). In this cross-sectional survey, 3357 university students (Mean age = 20.5 years, SD = 1.6), who were randomly selected, responded to a questionnaire including measures of dietary behaviors, psychological well-being, and mental distress. In analysis of covariance, adjusted for age, sex, subjective socioeconomic status, country, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity, positive dietary behaviors (fruit and vegetable consumption, daily breakfast, fat avoidance, and eating foods high in fiber) were associated with happiness, life satisfaction, and self-reported health. Fruit consumption and regular breakfast were negatively associated with depression and traumatic stress symptoms. Unhealthy dietary behaviors (soft drinks, fast foods, and eating snacks) were associated with unhappiness, low life satisfaction, and depression symptoms. Overall, the study found some evidence indicating that healthier dietary behaviors were associated with higher psychological well-being and lower mental distress, suggesting that a diet intervention may be helpful in preventing or alleviating mental distress in this ASEAN university student population. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject UNIVERSITY STUDENTS en
dc.subject EATING BEHAVIOUR en
dc.subject WEIGHT MANAGEMENT en
dc.subject MENTAL HEALTH en
dc.subject PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS en
dc.title Dietary behaviors, psychological well-being, and mental distress among university students in ASEAN en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 11(2) en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences en
dc.ArchiveNumber 9811 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=18442 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 8701 en
dc.bibliographictitle Peltzer, K. & Pengpid, S. (2017) Dietary behaviors, psychological well-being, and mental distress among university students in ASEAN. <i>Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences</i>. 11(2):Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2017 en
dc.contributor.author1 Peltzer, K. en
dc.contributor.author2 Pengpid, S. en


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