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First trimester antenatal depression and anxiety: prevalence and associated factors in an urban population in Soweto, South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-22 en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-08T15:23:03Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-08T15:23:03Z
dc.date.issued 2017-09-22 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/11242
dc.description.abstract Depression and anxiety in the antenatal period are of public health concern given potential adverse effects for both mother and infant. Both are under-researched in the first trimester of pregnancy, especially in Africa. We examine the prevalence of first trimester antenatal depression and anxiety in a cohort of South African women and investigate associated risk factors. Data were collected from 946 women (2014-2016) in the Soweto First 1000 Days Cohort, a prospective pregnancy cohort in Soweto, South Africa. Antenatal depression was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale with a score of 13 indicating probable depression. Anxiety was assessed using the short form of the State-Trait Anxiety Index with a score 12 indicating probable anxiety. Prevalence of antenatal depression was 27%. Factors associated with antenatal depression and anxiety were predominantly relationship- and family centred. Women who perceived that their partner made life harder for them had three-fold increased odds for depression, whereas those with family stressors had almost double the odds for depression and anxiety. Antenatal depression and anxiety are common in the first trimester of pregnancy, and partner and family relationship stressors are central. Longitudinal analysis is needed to determine if this is a phase of adjustment to pregnancy or onset of persistent symptomology. Early intervention may have secondary preventative effects and should involve the partner and family. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject ANTENATAL CARE en
dc.subject DEPRESSION en
dc.subject ANXIETY en
dc.subject SOWETO en
dc.title First trimester antenatal depression and anxiety: prevalence and associated factors in an urban population in Soweto, South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume September en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup Human and Social Development en
dc.SourceTitle Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease en
dc.ArchiveNumber 9982 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 8893 en
dc.bibliographictitle Redinger, S., Norris, S.A., Pearson, R.M., Richter, L. & Rochat, T. (2017) First trimester antenatal depression and anxiety: prevalence and associated factors in an urban population in Soweto, South Africa. <i>Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease</i>. September:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2017 en
dc.contributor.author1 Redinger, S. en
dc.contributor.author2 Norris, S.A. en
dc.contributor.author3 Pearson, R.M. en
dc.contributor.author4 Richter, L. en
dc.contributor.author5 Rochat, T. en


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