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The association between biopsychosocial factors and disability in a national health survey in South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-25 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-19T12:55:08Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-19T12:55:08Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/11666
dc.description.abstract The association between psychosocial factors and disability is less clear. This study investigated the biological and psychosocial (employment and psychological distress) factors associated with level of disability in an adult sample in South Africa. Data were analysed from a cross-sectional survey among adults aged 18???64. Multiple linear regression was used to investigate the associations of the selected variables with disability. The mean percentage score on the WHODAS scale of disability was 5.31% (95% CI: 4.74???5.88). Age and race were significantly associated with disability, and history of stroke and heart-related conditions showed positive associations. Of the psychosocial variables, psychological distress showed a strong positive association while employment showed a negative association with disability. The association between demographic factors, medical conditions and increased disability confirms the findings in the literature. The finding that psychological distress is associated with increased disability has not been frequently reported. This study highlights specific psychosocial targets that may be usefully addressed by health policies and interventions in order to improve disability management. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES en
dc.subject PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS en
dc.subject DISABILITY en
dc.title The association between biopsychosocial factors and disability in a national health survey in South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber XKAHAA en
dc.Volume December en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation en
dc.SourceTitle Psychology, Health & Medicine en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10170 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 9122 en
dc.bibliographictitle Naidoo, P., Sewpaul, R., Nyembezi, A., Reddy, P., Louw, K., Desai, R. & Stein, D.J. (2018) The association between biopsychosocial factors and disability in a national health survey in South Africa. <i>Psychology, Health & Medicine</i>. December:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2018 en
dc.contributor.author1 Naidoo, P. en
dc.contributor.author2 Sewpaul, R. en
dc.contributor.author3 Nyembezi, A. en
dc.contributor.author4 Reddy, P. en
dc.contributor.author5 Louw, K. en
dc.contributor.author6 Desai, R. en
dc.contributor.author7 Stein, D.J. en


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