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TB and HIV stigma compounded by threatened masculinity: implications for TB health-care seeking in Malawi

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dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-07 en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-22T13:22:51Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-22T13:22:51Z
dc.date.issued 2018-03-07 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/11753
dc.description.abstract The focus of this study is to understand why men with tuberculosis (TB) in the community remain undiagnosed. A multi-method qualitative study applying a modified grounded theory approach. Data were gathered from March 2011 to March 2012 from 134 men and women taking part in 1) focus group discussions with community members and health care workers in-depth interviews with TB patients and chronic coughers. Data were analysed inductively to identify, refine and consolidate, and verify emerging concepts and themes. Two emerging themes highlighting compound stigma in this high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence, low-income setting are presented. First, cough or any illness that portended a serious condition were accompanied by portrayals of cough, TB and HIV as being interchangeable. Chronic coughers and TB patients described their illness in ways that foregrounded bodily decimation and rupture of social life and masculine identity. Second, 'resistance strategies' entailed resisting classification as (seriously) ill by evading or ambivalently approaching health care, or acknowledging the 'ill' status then actively pursuing health-appropriate behaviours, including changing lifestyle or adopting non-normative gender roles. Managing patients requires 1) going beyond syndromic management based on vital signs and clinical indicators to recognising and intervening on health care-seeking related tensions to retain individuals in care, and 2) understanding and addressing TB stigma as it manifests and affects men and women differently in specific settings. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject TUBERCULOSIS en
dc.subject MEN en
dc.subject STIGMATISATION en
dc.subject MALAWI en
dc.title TB and HIV stigma compounded by threatened masculinity: implications for TB health-care seeking in Malawi en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 21(11) en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10222 en
dc.PageNumber S26-S33 en
dc.outputnumber 9176 en
dc.bibliographictitle Chikovore, J, Hart, G., Kumwenda, M., Chipungu, G., Desmond, N. & Corbett, E.L. (2017) TB and HIV stigma compounded by threatened masculinity: implications for TB health-care seeking in Malawi. <i>International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease</i>. 21(11):S26-S33. en
dc.publicationyear 2017 en
dc.contributor.author1 Chikovore, J en
dc.contributor.author2 Hart, G. en
dc.contributor.author3 Kumwenda, M. en
dc.contributor.author4 Chipungu, G. en
dc.contributor.author5 Desmond, N. en
dc.contributor.author6 Corbett, E.L. en


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