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Breast and cervical cancer screening prevalence and associated factors among women in the South African general population

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dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-26 en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-20T08:22:16Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-20T08:22:16Z
dc.date.issued 2018-06-26 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/12371
dc.description.abstract The aims of the study were to estimate the prevalence of breast and cervical cancer screening among women in the South African general population and assess associated factors. Methods: Data from a national population based cross-sectional household survey in South Africa in 2012 for 10,831 women aged 30+ years were analysed using bivariate and multivariable logistic regression. The outcome variables were cervical cancer screening (Papanicolaou smear test) and breast cancer screening (mammography). Exposure variables were sociodemographic factors, lifestyle variables, and chronic conditions. Results: The prevalences of Papanicolaou (PAP) smear test and mammography participation were 52.0% and 13.4%, respectively. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, women with higher education, those who were non-black African, having medical aid and having chronic conditions were more likely to undergo a Pap smear test and mammography. Living in rural areas was related to a lower likelihood of receiving both types of screening. In addition, undertaking moderate or vigorous physical activity was associated with breast cancer screening. Conclusion: Screening for cervical cancer was relatively high but for breast cancer it was low, despite the latter being a major public health problem in South Africa. This may be attributed to the limited availability, affordability, and accessibility of breast cancer screening services among socio-economically disadvantaged individuals There are some socio-economic disparities in adopting both breast and cervical cancer screening guidelines that could be targeted by interventions. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject CERVICAL CANCER en
dc.subject BREAST CANCER en
dc.subject RISK BEHAVIOUR en
dc.subject WOMEN en
dc.title Breast and cervical cancer screening prevalence and associated factors among women in the South African general population en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 19(6) en
dc.BudgetYear 2018/19 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10436 en
dc.PageNumber 1465-1470 en
dc.outputnumber 9398 en
dc.bibliographictitle Phaswana-Mafuya, N. & Peltzer, K. (2018) Breast and cervical cancer screening prevalence and associated factors among women in the South African general population. <i>Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention</i>. 19(6):1465-1470. en
dc.publicationyear 2018 en
dc.contributor.author1 Phaswana-Mafuya, N. en
dc.contributor.author2 Peltzer, K. en


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