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Tackling smoking among out of school youth in South Africa: an analysis of friendship ties

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dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-02T14:15:05Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-02T14:15:05Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-02 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/14758
dc.description.abstract Friendships during adolescence play a significant role in the initiation and maintenance of tobacco use. Smoking behaviour among adolescent friends has not been explored among out of school youth (OSY) in South Africa. Out of school youth (OSY), described as those between 13 and 20 years old, have not completed their schooling and are not currently enrolled in school, are at greater risk for tobacco use. The main aim of this study is to examine whether the smoking behaviour of OSY is associated with that of their OSY friends. Respondent driven sampling was used to recruit OSY and their OSY friends. A mixed effects logistic regression with a random intercept across school-province combinations was used to analyse survey data. Race and gender were also incorporated into the analyses as effect moderators (n = 391). Results of this study confirm that cigarette smoking was common among OSY and their OSY friends, with 53.5% of the respondents smoking in the past month (SD = 0.44). When OSY friends were either all nonsmokers or half their friends were non-smokers, Coloured (mixed race) OSY were less likely to smoke compared to Black African and Other (mostly Asian descent) OSY. Cultural norms and values associated with the different race groups may play a role in the smoking behaviour of out of school youth friends. Understanding this relationship is useful for identifying those OSY that are vulnerable to the behaviours that place them at risk of tobacco related morbidity and mortality. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject SOCIAL DROPOUT en
dc.subject TOBACCO USE en
dc.subject ADDICTION en
dc.subject SMOKING en
dc.title Tackling smoking among out of school youth in South Africa: an analysis of friendship ties en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 10 en
dc.BudgetYear 2019/20 en
dc.ResearchGroup Social Aspects of Public Health en
dc.SourceTitle Addictive Behaviors Reports en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10984 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=21698 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 10100 en
dc.bibliographictitle Desai, R., Ruiter, R.A.C., Schepers, J., Reddy, S.P. & Mercken, L.A.G. (2019) Tackling smoking among out of school youth in South Africa: an analysis of friendship ties. <i>Addictive Behaviors Reports</i>. 10:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2019 en
dc.contributor.author1 Desai, R. en
dc.contributor.author2 Ruiter, R.A.C. en
dc.contributor.author3 Schepers, J. en
dc.contributor.author4 Reddy, S.P. en
dc.contributor.author5 Mercken, L.A.G. en


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