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High physical activity is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among individuals aged 15 years and older in South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-25T19:15:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-25T19:15:11Z
dc.date.issued 2020-06-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/15324
dc.description.abstract Some research seems to suggest that physical activity (PA) was beneficial for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined the association between levels of PA and PTSD among individuals 15 years and above in South Africa. Community-based survey sample representative of the national population in South Africa. In all, 15 201 individuals (mean age 36.9 years) responded to the cross-sectional South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-1) in 2012. One in five (20.1%) of participants reported exposure to at least one traumatic event in a lifetime, and 2.1% were classified as having a PTSD, 7.9% fulfilled PTSD re-experiencing criteria, 3.0% PTSD avoidance criteria and 4.3% PTSD hyperarousal criteria. Almost half (48.1%) of respondents had low PA, 17.4% moderate PA and 34.5% high PA. In logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, sex, population group, employment status, residence status, number of trauma types, problem drinking, current tobacco use, sleep problems and depressive symptoms, high PA was associated with PTSD confidence interval, PTSD re-experiencing symptom criteria ) and PTSD avoidance symptom criteria , but high PA was not associated with PTSD hyperarousal symptom criteria. In generalised structural equation modelling, total trauma events had a positive direct and indirect effect on PTSD mediated by high PA, and high PA had a positive indirect effect on PTSD, mediated by psychological distress and problem drinking. After controlling for relevant covariates, high PA was associated with increased PTSD symptomatology. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject YOUTH en
dc.subject POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS en
dc.subject PHYSICAL ACTIVITY en
dc.title High physical activity is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among individuals aged 15 years and older in South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 25 en
dc.BudgetYear 2020/21 en
dc.ResearchGroup Human and Social Capabilities en
dc.SourceTitle South African Journal of Psychiatry en
dc.ArchiveNumber 11391 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 10549 en
dc.bibliographictitle Peltzer, K. & Pengpid, S. (2019) High physical activity is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder among individuals aged 15 years and older in South Africa. <i>South African Journal of Psychiatry</i>. 25:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2019 en
dc.contributor.author1 Peltzer, K. en
dc.contributor.author2 Pengpid, S. en


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