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Extent of alcohol use and mental health (depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms) in undergraduate university students from 26 low-, middle- and high-income countries

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dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-01 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-19T16:28:34Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-19T16:28:34Z
dc.date.issued 2016-02-01 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/1639
dc.description.abstract To estimate if there is a non-linear association between varying levels of alcohol use and poor mental health (depressive and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms) in university students from low-, middle- and high-income countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 19 238 undergraduate university students (mean age 20.8; standard deviation (SD) 2.8) from 27 universities in 26 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Alcohol use was assessed in terms of number of drinks in the past 2 weeks and number of drinks per episode, and measures of depression and PTSD symptoms were administered. The proportion of students with elevated depression scores was 12.3%, 16.9%, and 11.5% for non-drinkers, moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers, respectively, while the proportion of students with high PTSD symptoms was 20.6%, 20.4% and 23.1% for non-drinkers, moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers, respectively. Logistic regression found that non-drinkers and heavy drinkers had a lower odds than moderate drinkers to have severe depression, after adjusting for sociodemographic variables, social support and subjective health status. Further, heavy, more frequent drinkers and more frequent binge drinkers had a higher odds to have elevated PTSD symptoms than moderate and non-drinkers, after adjusting for sociodemographic variables, social support and subjective health status. The results suggest a reverse U-shaped association between recent alcohol use volume and frequency and depressive symptoms (unlike that previously identified), and a J-shaped association between binge drinking frequency and depressive symptoms and alcohol use and PTSD symptoms. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject ADOLESCENT BOYS en
dc.subject UNIVERSITY STUDENTS en
dc.subject MENTAL HEALTH en
dc.subject POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER en
dc.title Extent of alcohol use and mental health (depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms) in undergraduate university students from 26 low-, middle- and high-income countries en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 22(2) en
dc.BudgetYear 2015/16 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle South African Journal of Psychiatry en
dc.ArchiveNumber 8988 en
dc.PageNumber 39-43 en
dc.outputnumber 7780 en
dc.bibliographictitle Peltzer, K. & Pengpid, S. (2015) Extent of alcohol use and mental health (depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms) in undergraduate university students from 26 low-, middle- and high-income countries. <i>South African Journal of Psychiatry</i>. 22(2):39-43. en
dc.publicationyear 2015 en
dc.contributor.author1 Peltzer, K. en
dc.contributor.author2 Pengpid, S. en


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