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The association of nutrition behaviors and physical activity with general and central obesity in Caribbean undergraduate students

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dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-29 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-19T16:31:24Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-19T16:31:24Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-29 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/1654
dc.description.abstract The aim of this article is to quantify the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related factors in a crosssectional, observational study of Caribbean students using the results of three recent surveys of health behavior among undergraduates in Barbados, Grenada, and Jamaica. A total of 1 578 Caribbean undergraduate students from Barbados, Grenada, and Jamaica (ages 18-30 years) completed questionnaires and had physical measurements recorded. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) for the association of nutrition behaviors with prevalence of obesity (body mass index ? 30kg/m2); elevated waist-to-height ratio (W/ht) (> 0.50); and high waist circumference (WC) (> 88 cm in females, > 102 cm in males). Models were adjusted for age, year in university, socioeconomic status, and sex. There was a higher prevalence of obesity (13% versus 10%), high WC (21% versus 7%), and high W/ht (35% versus 25%) in females relative to males. Compared to females, males had reduced odds of obesity (OR 0.46), high WC (OR 0.22), and high W/ht (OR 0.61) (P < 0.05 for all). Both females (46%) and males (24%) reported high levels of physical inactivity. Fruit and vegetable consumption was low (approximately two servings per day). Many students reported avoiding fatty foods (40%); this behavior was associated with high W/ht (OR 1.68), obesity (OR 1.90), and high WC (OR 1.82) (P < 0.05 for all). Irregular breakfast consumption, age, and year of study were also positively associated with obesity. Physical activity was not significantly associated with any obesity measure. There was a low prevalence of healthy behaviors and a high prevalence of obesity in this sample of Caribbean young adults. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.publisher Pan American Health Organization en
dc.subject NUTRITION en
dc.subject PHYSICAL ACTIVITY en
dc.subject OBESITY en
dc.subject WEIGHT MANAGEMENT en
dc.subject HEALTH en
dc.subject UNIVERSITY STUDENTS en
dc.subject CARIBBEAN en
dc.title The association of nutrition behaviors and physical activity with general and central obesity in Caribbean undergraduate students en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 38(4) en
dc.BudgetYear 2015/16 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle Pan American Journal of Public Health en
dc.PlaceOfPublication Washington DC, USA en
dc.ArchiveNumber 8973 en
dc.PageNumber 278-285 en
dc.outputnumber 7765 en
dc.bibliographictitle Wright, M., Adair, L., James, C., Amuleru-Marshall, O., Peltzer, K., Pengpid, S. & Samuels, T.A. (2015) The association of nutrition behaviors and physical activity with general and central obesity in Caribbean undergraduate students. <i>Pan American Journal of Public Health</i>. 38(4):278-285. en
dc.publicationyear 2015 en
dc.contributor.author1 Wright, M. en
dc.contributor.author2 Adair, L. en
dc.contributor.author3 James, C. en
dc.contributor.author4 Amuleru-Marshall, O. en
dc.contributor.author5 Peltzer, K. en
dc.contributor.author6 Pengpid, S. en
dc.contributor.author7 Samuels, T.A. en


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