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HIV-related knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and utilisation of HIV counselling and testing: a venue-based intercept commuter population survey in the inner city of Johannesburg, South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-18 en
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-09T15:24:21Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-09T15:24:21Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/1932
dc.description.abstract HIV counselling and testing (HCT) and knowledge about HIV have been key strategies utilised in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS worldwide. HIV knowledge and uptake of HCT services in sub-Saharan Africa are still low. This study was conducted to determine factors associated with HCT and HIV/AIDS knowledge levels among a commuter population in Johannesburg, South Africa. The objective was to identify the factors associated with HCT uptake among the commuter population. A simple random sampling method was used to select participants in a venue-based intercept survey at a taxi rank in the Johannesburg Central Business District. Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis assessed factors associated with HIV testing stratified by gender. 1,146 respondents were interviewed, the majority (n = 579, 50.5%) were females and (n = 780, 68.1%) were over 25 years of age. Overall HCT knowledge was high (n = 951, 83%) with more females utilising HCT facilities. There was a significant difference in HIV testing for respondents living closer to and further away from health facilities. Slightly more than half of the respondents indicated stigma as one of the barriers for testing (n = 594, 52%, p-value = 0.001). For males, living with a partner (aOR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.02 - 2.78, p-value: 0.041) and possessing a post-primary education were positively associated with testing (aOR: 2.00, 95% CI: 1.15 - 3.47, p-value: 0.014), whereas stigma and discrimination reduced the likelihood of testing (aOR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.31 - 0.62, p-value: B0.001). For females, having one sexual partner (aOR: 2.65, 95% CI: 1.19 - 5.90, p-value: 0.017) and a low perceived benefit for HIV testing (aOR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.30 - 0.96, p-value: 0.035) were associated with HIV testing. The overall HIV/AIDS knowledge was generally high. Gender-specific health education and HIV intervention programmes are needed for improved access to HCT services. One favourable intervention would be the use of home-based HCT programmes. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.publisher Co-Action Publishing en
dc.subject HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING (HTC) en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject JOHANNESBURG en
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE LEVEL en
dc.title HIV-related knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and utilisation of HIV counselling and testing: a venue-based intercept commuter population survey in the inner city of Johannesburg, South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 8(1) en
dc.BudgetYear 2015/16 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle Global Health Action en
dc.PlaceOfPublication Jarfalla, Sweden en
dc.ArchiveNumber 8647 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=15623 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 7410 en
dc.bibliographictitle Chimoyi, L., Tshuma, N., Muloonga, K., Setswe, G., Sarfo, B. & Nyasulu, P.S. (2015) HIV-related knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and utilisation of HIV counselling and testing: a venue-based intercept commuter population survey in the inner city of Johannesburg, South Africa. <i>Global Health Action</i>. April:Online. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/1932 en
dc.publicationyear 2015 en
dc.contributor.author1 Chimoyi, L. en
dc.contributor.author2 Tshuma, N. en
dc.contributor.author3 Muloonga, K. en
dc.contributor.author4 Setswe, G. en
dc.contributor.author5 Sarfo, B. en
dc.contributor.author6 Nyasulu, P.S. en


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