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HealthKick: a nutrition and physical activity intervention for primary schools in low-income settings*

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dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-14 en
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-04T18:07:39Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-04T18:07:39Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/4175
dc.description.abstract Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, is growing in South Africa. This country has a complex mix of over- and under-nutrition, especially in low-income communities, and concerning levels of physical inactivity in children and youth. This paper describes HealthKick, a school-based nutrition and physical activity intervention in primary schools in these settings aimed at reducing diabetes risk factors. Methods/Design: This study includes schools within historically disadvantaged, low-income communities from an urban area close to the city of Cape Town and from two rural areas outside of Cape Town, South Africa. The three Educational Districts involved are Metropole North, Cape Winelands and the Overberg. The study has three phases: intervention mapping and formative assessment, intervention development, and outcome and process evaluation. Sixteen schools were purposively selected to participate in the study and randomly allocated as intervention (eight schools) and control (eight schools). The primary aims of HealthKick are to promote healthful eating habits and increase regular participation in health-enhancing physical activity in children, parents and teachers, to prevent overweight, and reduce risk of chronic diseases (particularly type 2 diabetes); as well as to promote the development of an environment within the school and community that facilitates the adoption of healthy lifestyles. The components of HealthKick are: action planning, toolkit (resource guide, a resource box and physical activity resource bin), and an Educators' Manual, which includes a curriculum component. Discussion: This study continues to highlight the key role that educators play in implementing a school-based intervention, but that developing capacity within school staff and stakeholders is not a simple or easy task. In spite of the challenges experienced thus far, valuable findings are being produced from this study, especially from Phase 1. Materials developed could be disseminated to other schools in low-income settings both within and outside of South Africa. Owing to the novelty of the HealthKick intervention in low-income South African primary schools, the findings of the evaluation phase have the potential to impact on policy and practice within these settings. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject NUTRITION en
dc.subject HEALTH en
dc.subject LOW INCOME POPULATION en
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION en
dc.subject SCHOOL CHILDREN en
dc.subject SCHOOLS en
dc.subject PHYSICAL ACTIVITY en
dc.title HealthKick: a nutrition and physical activity intervention for primary schools in low-income settings* en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.Volume 10 en
dc.BudgetYear 2010/11 en
dc.ResearchGroup Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation en
dc.SourceTitle BMC Public Health en
dc.ArchiveNumber 6439 en
dc.PageNumber 398- en
dc.outputnumber 5089 en
dc.bibliographictitle Draper, C.E., De Villiers, A., Lambert, E.V., Fourie, J., Hill, J., Dalais, L., Abrahams, Z. & Steyn, N.P. (2010) HealthKick: a nutrition and physical activity intervention for primary schools in low-income settings*. <i>BMC Public Health</i>. 10:398-. en
dc.publicationyear 2010 en
dc.contributor.author1 Draper, C.E. en
dc.contributor.author2 De Villiers, A. en
dc.contributor.author3 Lambert, E.V. en
dc.contributor.author4 Fourie, J. en
dc.contributor.author5 Hill, J. en
dc.contributor.author6 Dalais, L. en
dc.contributor.author7 Abrahams, Z. en
dc.contributor.author8 Steyn, N.P. en


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