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Spatial inequalities and policies in South Africa: place-based or people-centred?

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dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-08 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-19T13:57:31Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-19T13:57:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017-06-19 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/10967
dc.description.abstract There is a robust international debate about how best to tackle spatial inequalities within nations and regions. The paper discusses three contrasting approaches: spatial rebalancing, space-neutral and place based. They vary in the scope and purpose of government policy, from redistributing economic activity, to facilitating aggregate growth, and realising the economic potential of less-developed regions. The paper applies this framework to analyse South Africa's five decades of experience of spatial policies. The context is one of stark spatial inequalities, uneven institutional capabilities, and mounting political pressure for change. Under apartheid, spatial targeting was highly instrumental and played a role in reproducing social divisions at considerable financial cost. Since the end of apartheid there has been much experimentation with spatial initiatives, but without any overarching vision or policy framework. A cautionary conclusion is that there are risks of extravagant spending in marginal locations when political pressures are strong, public institutions are weak and economic disciplines are lacking. Another is that place-based policies have potential, but require stronger vertical and horizontal policy alignment to stand any chance of tackling entrenched spatial divides. Enhanced local institutions involving private sector and community stakeholders are also essential for spatial policies to respond to the specific challenges and opportunities encountered in each place. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject INEQUALITY en
dc.title Spatial inequalities and policies in South Africa: place-based or people-centred? en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume May en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup Office of the CEO en
dc.ResearchGroup Economic Perfomance and Development en
dc.SourceTitle Progress in Planning en
dc.ArchiveNumber 9810 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 8700 en
dc.bibliographictitle Todes, A. & Turok, I. (2017) Spatial inequalities and policies in South Africa: place-based or people-centred? . <i>Progress in Planning</i>. May:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2017 en
dc.contributor.author1 Todes, A. en
dc.contributor.author2 Turok, I. en

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