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The impact of sociodemography, diet, and body size on serum retinol in women 16-35 years of age: SANHANES-1

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dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-13 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-11T10:15:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-11T10:15:11Z
dc.date.issued 2017-11-13 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/11386
dc.description.abstract To determine the current vitamin A status of a nationally representative sample of women aged 16-35 years, compare it with previous national data, and determine the impact of sociodemography, diet, and body size on vitamin A status, we performed secondary analysis of data on South African women who participated in the first South African NationalHealth andNutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-1).Vitamin A status was assessed by serumretinol, and the findings are reported as means and prevalences with corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Overall, the age-standardized vitamin A deficiency prevalence was 11.7%, a decrease from previous national data, but serum retinol levels remained lower than in other developing countries. Overall, unweighted, multilevel, multivariate logistic regression showed that vitamin A deficiency was influenced by race only (odds ratio (OR)=1.89, P=0.031), while weighted multiple logistic regression for 16- to 18-year-olds showed that vitamin A deficiency was influenced by locality (OR = 9.83, P = 0.005) and household income (intermediate (OR = 0.2, P = 0.022) and upper (OR =0.25, P = 0.049)). Despite the decreased prevalence, vitamin A deficiency remains a moderate public health problem in the country. Opportunities for targeted interventions have been identified. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject WOMEN en
dc.subject VITAMIN A en
dc.subject WEIGHT MANAGEMENT en
dc.title The impact of sociodemography, diet, and body size on serum retinol in women 16-35 years of age: SANHANES-1 en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber XOADAA en
dc.Volume 1416(1) en
dc.BudgetYear 2017/18 en
dc.ResearchGroup Center for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators en
dc.ResearchGroup Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation en
dc.SourceTitle Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10087 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=19119 en
dc.PageNumber 48-65 en
dc.outputnumber 9017 en
dc.bibliographictitle Parker, W., Mchiza, Z.J., Sewpaul, R., Job, N., Chola, L., Sithole, M. & Labadarios, D. (2017) The impact of sociodemography, diet, and body size on serum retinol in women 16-35 years of age: SANHANES-1. <i>Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences</i>. November:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2017 en
dc.contributor.author1 Parker, W. en
dc.contributor.author2 Mchiza, Z.J. en
dc.contributor.author3 Sewpaul, R. en
dc.contributor.author4 Job, N. en
dc.contributor.author5 Chola, L. en
dc.contributor.author6 Sithole, M. en
dc.contributor.author7 Labadarios, D. en


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