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Cigarette smoking and reasons for leaving school among school dropouts in South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-29T12:22:05Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-29T12:22:05Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03-29 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/13697
dc.description.abstract School dropouts are at heightened risk of tobacco use compared to in-school learners. School dropouts are described as those not currently enrolled in school for the academic year, have not completed their schooling, and are between 13 and 20 years old. This paper examines the relationship between reasons for leaving school and past month cigarette smoking, taking into account gender differences. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyse survey data (n=4185). Geographical location was also incorporated into the analysis as effect moderators. Although no significant main effects between reasons for leaving school and tobacco use were found, results showed that those who leave school early smoke more. When examining interaction effects with gender, leaving school due to ???not being able to pay for school fees??? was significantly associated with smoking, but only among girls residing in urban areas (OR=0.327, p=.023). More research is needed to understand why learners leave school and their subsequent tobacco use. This knowledge will help researchers identify and target those students that are at risk for dropping out of school and using tobacco. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject SCHOOL CHILDREN en
dc.subject SMOKING en
dc.subject TOBACCO USE en
dc.subject SCHOOL-LEAVING en
dc.title Cigarette smoking and reasons for leaving school among school dropouts in South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 19 en
dc.BudgetYear 2018/19 en
dc.ResearchGroup Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation en
dc.SourceTitle BMC Public Health en
dc.ArchiveNumber 10818 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 9896 en
dc.bibliographictitle Desai, R., Mercken, L.A.G., Ruiter, R.A.C., Schepers, J. & Reddy, P.S. (2019) Cigarette smoking and reasons for leaving school among school dropouts in South Africa. <i>BMC Public Health</i>. 19:Online. en
dc.publicationyear 2019 en
dc.contributor.author1 Desai, R. en
dc.contributor.author2 Mercken, L.A.G. en
dc.contributor.author3 Ruiter, R.A.C. en
dc.contributor.author4 Schepers, J. en
dc.contributor.author5 Reddy, P.S. en

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