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Psychological and physical intimate partner violence and maternal depressive symptoms during the pre- and post-partum period among women living with HIV in rural South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-21T14:15:12Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-21T14:15:12Z
dc.date.issued 2020-07-21 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/15349
dc.description.abstract Women in South Africa have high rates of depression and intimate partner violence (IPV), and they often co-occur. Women living with HIV who experience IPV are particularly likely to experience elevated levels of depressive symptoms and are more likely to persist. Although the association between IPVand depression has been examined extensively, the role of depression on IPV has not. Therefore, this study examined the bidirectional association between IPV and depressive symptoms in South Africa (SA). Participants were N = 699 pregnant women with HIV in rural SA who completed measures of depressive symptoms and IPV at baseline, 32 weeks antenatally, and 6- and 12-months postnatally. Depressive symptoms were linked to increased psychological IPV from baseline to 32-weeks, and from 32-weeks to 6-months. However, from 6-months to 12-months, depressive symptoms were associated with decreased psychological IPV. Psychological IPV was linked to depressive symptoms from baseline to 32-weeks. Depressive symptoms were associated with physical IPV from 32-weeks to 6-months, and 6-months to 12-months. Physical IPV was associated with increased depressive symptoms from baseline to 32-weeks, and from 32-weeks to 6-months. Findings merit replication, as there may be measurement differences of psychological IPV in SA. However, targeting depressive symptoms and IPV concurrently in prevention and intervention programs may help optimize maternal and outcomes in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject PREGNANCY en
dc.subject DEPRESSION en
dc.subject PARTNER VIOLENCE en
dc.title Psychological and physical intimate partner violence and maternal depressive symptoms during the pre- and post-partum period among women living with HIV in rural South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 35 en
dc.BudgetYear 2020/21 en
dc.ResearchGroup Human and Social Capabilities en
dc.SourceTitle Journal of Family Violence en
dc.ArchiveNumber 11438 en
dc.PageNumber 73-83 en
dc.outputnumber 10541 en
dc.bibliographictitle Rodriquez, V.J., Shaffer, A., Lee, T.K., Peltzer, K., Weiss, S.M. & Jones, D.L. (2020) Psychological and physical intimate partner violence and maternal depressive symptoms during the pre- and post-partum period among women living with HIV in rural South Africa. <i>Journal of Family Violence</i>. 35:73-83. en
dc.publicationyear 2020 en
dc.contributor.author1 Rodriquez, V.J. en
dc.contributor.author2 Shaffer, A. en
dc.contributor.author3 Lee, T.K. en
dc.contributor.author4 Peltzer, K. en
dc.contributor.author5 Weiss, S.M. en
dc.contributor.author6 Jones, D.L. en


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