Be legally wise: when is parental consent required for adolescents' access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)?

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dc.date.accessioned 2022-08-17T12:47:55Z
dc.date.available 2022-08-17T12:47:55Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11-17 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/15506
dc.description.abstract South African adolescents (12-17 years) need an array of prevention tools to address their risk of acquiring the life-long, stigmatized condition that is HIV. Prevention tools include pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, service providers may not be clear on the instances where self-consent is permissible or when parental consent should be secured. To consider the legal norms for minor consent to PrEP using the rules of statutory interpretation. Legal and policy framework. We find that PrEP should be interpreted as a form of 'medical treatment'; understood broadly so that it falls within the ambit of one of consent norms in the Children's Act. When PrEP is interpreted as 'medical treatment', then self-consent to PrEP is permissible for persons over 12 years, if they have the mental capacity and maturity to understand the benefits, risks, social and other implications of the proposed treatment. Currently, PrEP is only licensed for persons over 35 kg. Reaching the age of 12 years is a necessary but not sufficient criteria for self-consent and service-providers must ensure capacity requirements are met before implementing a self-consent approach. Decisional support and adherence support are critical. We recommend that service-providers should take steps to ensure that those persons who meet an age requirement for self-consent, also meet the capacity requirement, and that best practices in this regard be shared. We also recommend that policy makers should ensure that PrEP guidelines are updated to reflect the adolescent consent approach articulated above. It is envisaged that these efforts will enable at-risk adolescents to access much needed interventions to reduce their HIV risk. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.publisher AOSIS Publishers en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) en
dc.subject ADOLESCENTS en
dc.title Be legally wise: when is parental consent required for adolescents' access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)? en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume November en
dc.BudgetYear 2020/21 en
dc.ResearchGroup Human and Social Capabilities en
dc.SourceTitle Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine en
dc.ArchiveNumber 11619 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=23182 en
dc.PageNumber Online en
dc.outputnumber 10791 en
dc.bibliographictitle Strode, A., Slack, C.M., Essack, Z., Toohey, J.D. & Bekker, L.G. (2020) Be legally wise: when is parental consent required for adolescents' access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)?. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine. November:Online. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/15506 en
dc.publicationyear 2020 en
dc.contributor.author1 Strode, A. en
dc.contributor.author2 Slack, C.M. en
dc.contributor.author3 Essack, Z. en
dc.contributor.author4 Toohey, J.D. en
dc.contributor.author5 Bekker, L.G. en


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