Education and labour market inequalities in South Africa

Show simple item record 2021-06-30T17:15:05Z 2021-06-30T17:15:05Z 2021-06-30 en
dc.description.abstract Framed within notions of social justice, inequality of opportunity and Bourdieu's forms of capital, this chapter examines the gaps in educational and labour market outcomes in South Africa and how they have changed over time. With social policies aimed at redressing inequalities introduced from 1994, we track the changes in school mathematics achievements from 2003 to 2015; university graduation rates for science, engineering and health related (SET) fields from 2008 to 2017 and demographic shifts of workers in high-skill occupations from 2008 to 2018. Multiple data sources were used for the analysis including the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, the Higher Education Management Information System and the Quarterly Labour Force Survey. The analysis showed that while overall school and university inequalities are decreasing, alongside improved mathematical achievements and graduation rates, access to various forms of capital continues as a strong determinant for educational success over time. There have been tangible increases in diversity by race and gender absorption of technicians and professionals, but White males continue to dominate managerial positions, resulting in narrow upward shifts for Africans and women. Despite notable improvement in educational successes, African women remain the most under-represented group at the higher occupational levels, especially in the private sector. To achieve educational and labour market outcomes that are more just we propose an expanded framework which includes the economic and resource capital needed to address structural factors, as well as supporting the development of cultural and social capital for those from historically disadvantaged backgrounds so that they are better able to connect to institutions and workplaces. Educational institutions must be strengthened and inter-institutional variances decreased. The labour must be better monitored and sanctions applied for the non-achievement of equity targets. At the same time cultural changes must prevail with White and male' privilege being acknowledged. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.publisher Springer en
dc.subject INEQUALITIES en
dc.subject EDUCATION en
dc.subject LABOUR MARKET en
dc.title Education and labour market inequalities in South Africa en
dc.type Chapter in Monograph en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.BudgetYear 2021/22 en
dc.ResearchGroup Inclusive Economic Development en
dc.SourceTitle Social justice and education in the 21st century en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Pearson, W. en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Reddy, V. en
dc.PlaceOfPublication Berlin en
dc.ArchiveNumber 12052 en
dc.PageNumber 29-52 en
dc.outputnumber 11204 en
dc.bibliographictitle Reddy, V. & Mncwango, B. (2021) Education and labour market inequalities in South Africa. In: Pearson, W. & Reddy, V. (eds).Social justice and education in the 21st century. Berlin: Springer. 29-52. en
dc.publicationyear 2021 en
dc.contributor.author1 Reddy, V. en
dc.contributor.author2 Mncwango, B. en

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record