Burnt edges, looted malls: insurgency and suburban nationalism

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dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-14T05:53:44Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-14T05:53:44Z
dc.date.issued 2022-03-07 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/19326
dc.description.abstract In 2003, Ivor Chipkin (2003) published a study which found that the provision of improved physical infrastructure (taps, housing, new schools, etc.) did not necessarily improve social cohesion in communities with broken homes and gangsters. Physical infrastructure provision, he argued, was not the same as development. It did not on its own make communities more cohesive, democratic and tolerant. The South African concept of ubuntu, or human togetherness, he argued, did not come naturally; it had to be cultivated as part of a programme of social upliftment and empowerment. He used fieldwork from the Cape Flats in Cape Town to show that accommodating street gangsters and their families in better housing units had not stopped them from being gangsters. In fact, on the contrary, the housing programme seemed to be rewarding them for being gangsters. Chipkin contended that the belief that state housing and service delivery would create social cohesion based on "decent and virtuous citizenship", as the policy documents seemed to suggest, was a mistaken assumption. He criticised the state-run housing programme for not attempting to address "how these products [housing units] might assist residents become ethical citizens in a position to sustain themselves virtuously" (Chipkin 2003: 74). He defined ethical and virtuous citizenship as tolerating social and cultural difference, acknowledging the rights and dignity of others, and encouraging social cohesion at family, street and neighbourhood levels. In this regard, he was critical of the state's decision to step away from the challenges of promoting social cohesion and a participatory democracy in favour of the delivery of physical assets, such as taps, houses and toilets, to the poor. He felt that the work of building a new society required much more (Ibid). en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.publisher Eastern Cape Socio Economic Consultative Council (ECSECC) en
dc.subject SHOPPING MALLS en
dc.subject PROTESTS en
dc.subject VIOLENCE en
dc.subject CITIES en
dc.title Burnt edges, looted malls: insurgency and suburban nationalism en
dc.type Chapter in Monograph en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber LTAKAA en
dc.BudgetYear 2021/22 en
dc.ResearchGroup Inclusive Economic Development en
dc.SourceTitle Placing Smart City: Innovation & Inclusive urban development in South Africa en
dc.SourceTitle.Author Bank, LJ en
dc.PlaceOfPublication Buffalo City en
dc.ArchiveNumber 12872 en
dc.PageNumber 45-53 en
dc.outputnumber 13700 en
dc.bibliographictitle Bank, L.J. & Sibanda, F. (2021) Burnt edges, looted malls: insurgency and suburban nationalism. In: Bank, LJ Placing Smart City: Innovation & Inclusive urban development in South Africa. Buffalo City: Eastern Cape Socio Economic Consultative Council (ECSECC). 45-53. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/19326 en
dc.publicationyear 2021 en
dc.contributor.author1 Bank, L.J. en
dc.contributor.author2 Sibanda, F. en

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