Steve Biko: father of black consciousness in SA

Show simple item record 2023-02-27T13:02:58Z 2023-02-27T13:02:58Z 2023-02-27 en
dc.description.abstract Stephen (Steve) Bantu Biko was a freedom fighter who dedicated his short life to conscientising and liberating young black people from oppressive white authority. He was born on 18 December 19461 in Tarkastad, a small semi-urban town in what is now the Eastern Cape province. He was the third child of Mzingaye Mathew Biko and Nokuzola 'Mamcethe' Duna. In 1948, his family relocated to Ginsberg township, King William's Town, also in the Eastern Cape. Biko was raised in an underprivileged family, with his mother earning an inadequate income as a domestic worker and his father working as a policeman and later as a clerk. Biko was only four years of age in 1950 when his father died, leaving Nokuzola a single mother with five children to raise. In 1952, when Biko was a Standard 3 (now Grade 5) learner at Charles Morgan Higher Primary School, his school friends described him as a rather playful character. His Standard 3 teacher, who characterised him as a bright, naughty child that always walked on bare feet, promoted him to Standard 5 (Grade 7) although his friends never saw him study. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.publisher BestRed en
dc.subject POLITICS en
dc.subject BIKO en
dc.subject STEPHEN (STEVE) BANTU en
dc.subject INTELLIGENTSIA en
dc.title Steve Biko: father of black consciousness in SA en
dc.type Chapter in Monograph en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.BudgetYear 2022/23 en
dc.ResearchGroup Developmental, Capable and Ethical State en
dc.SourceTitle The texture of dissent: defiant public intellectuals in South Africa en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Bohler-Muller, N. en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Reddy, V. en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Houston, G. en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Schoeman, M. en
dc.SourceTitle.Editor Thuynsma, H. en
dc.PlaceOfPublication Cape Town en
dc.ArchiveNumber 9812615 en
dc.PageNumber 81-85 en
dc.outputnumber 14119 en
dc.bibliographictitle Mtyingizane, S. (2022) Steve Biko: father of black consciousness in SA. In: Bohler-Muller, N., Reddy, V., Houston, G., Schoeman, M. & Thuynsma, H. (eds).The texture of dissent: defiant public intellectuals in South Africa. Cape Town: BestRed. 81-85. en
dc.publicationyear 2022 en
dc.contributor.author1 Mtyingizane, S. en

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