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Perceptions about the acceptability and prevalence of HIV testing and factors influencing them in different communities in South Africa

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dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-30 en
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-09T15:28:16Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-09T15:28:16Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/2317
dc.description.abstract HIV counselling and testing (HCT) is considered important because it is an entry point to a comprehensive continuum of care for HIV/AIDS. The South African Department of Health launched an HCT campaign in April 2010, and this reached 13,269,746 people by June 2011, of which 16% tested HIV positive and 400,000 of those were initiated into antiretroviral treatment. The overall objective of this project was to gain insight into the general perceptions about HIV testing in the different South African communities. Factors influencing testing in these communities were also explored. Discussions with twelve focus groups (FG) of 8-12 participants each were conducted with male and female participants recruited from both urban formal and informal communities in Cape Town and Durban. Participants included four racial groups represented by different age groups as follows: adolescents (12-17 years), youth (18-24 years) and adults (25 years and older). Data were analyzed using thematic coding. Among the key themes that emerged from the findings were the inaccurate perception of risk, fear of testing HIV positive, stigma and discrimination. Participants from both African and Indian FGs reported being less likely to do self-initiated HIV testing and counselling, while those from the FG consisting of young whites were more likely to learn about their HIV status through blood donations and campus HIV testing campaigns. Most FGs said they were likely to test if they understood the testing process better and also if the results are kept confidential. The present findings reiterate the importance of spreading positive messages and ensuring confidentiality for HIV testing in a society where there is still some stigma associated with people living with HIV/AIDS. This can partly be accomplished by the continuation of the national HCT campaign, which has been a considerable success in the fight against HIV/AIDS in South Africa during the past two years. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject VOLUNTARY COUNSELING AND TESTING (VCT) en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS PREVALENCE en
dc.title Perceptions about the acceptability and prevalence of HIV testing and factors influencing them in different communities in South Africa en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 11(1) en
dc.BudgetYear 2014/15 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.ResearchGroup Office of the CEO en
dc.SourceTitle Sahara J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS en
dc.ArchiveNumber 8295 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=14617 en
dc.PageNumber 138-147 en
dc.outputnumber 7023 en
dc.bibliographictitle Ntsepe, Y., Simbayi, L.C., Shisana, O., Rehle, T., Mabaso, M., Ncitakalo, N., Davids, A. & Naidoo, Y.D. (2014) Perceptions about the acceptability and prevalence of HIV testing and factors influencing them in different communities in South Africa. <i>Sahara J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS</i>. 11(1):138-147. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/2317 en
dc.publicationyear 2014 en
dc.contributor.author1 Ntsepe, Y. en
dc.contributor.author2 Simbayi, L.C. en
dc.contributor.author3 Shisana, O. en
dc.contributor.author4 Rehle, T. en
dc.contributor.author5 Mabaso, M. en
dc.contributor.author6 Ncitakalo, N. en
dc.contributor.author7 Davids, A. en
dc.contributor.author8 Naidoo, Y.D. en


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