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Birth status, child growth, and adult outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

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dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-18 en
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-09T15:25:17Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-09T15:25:17Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/2412
dc.description.abstract The objective of this article is to assess the impact of being born preterm or small for gestational age (SGA) on several adult outcomes. We analyzed data for 4518 adult participants in 5 birth cohorts from Brazil, Guatemala, India, the Philippines, and South Africa. In the study population, 12.8%of males and 11.9% of females were born preterm, and 26.8% of males and 22.4% of females were born term but SGA. Adults born preterm were 1.11 cm shorter (95% CI, 0.57-1.65 cm), and those born term but SGA were 2.35 cm shorter (95%CI, 1.93-2.77 cm) compared with those born at term and appropriate size for gestational age. Blood pressure and blood glucose level did not differ by birth category. Compared with those born term and at appropriate size for gestational age, schooling attainment was 0.44 years lower (95% CI, 0.17-0.71 years) in those born pretermand 0.41 years lower (95% CI, 0.20-0.62 years) in those born term but SGA. Being born preterm or term but SGA is associated with persistent deficits in adult height and schooling, but is not related to blood pressure or blood glucose level in low- and middle-income settings. Increased postnatal growth is associated with gains in height and schooling regardless of birth status, but not with increases in blood pressure or blood glucose level. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject BIRTH TO TEN NOW BIRTH TO TWENTY (BT20) en
dc.subject LOW INCOME POPULATION en
dc.subject CHILD DEVELOPMENT en
dc.subject CHILD WELL-BEING en
dc.title Birth status, child growth, and adult outcomes in low- and middle-income countries en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber N/A en
dc.Volume 163(6) en
dc.BudgetYear 2013/14 en
dc.ResearchGroup HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB en
dc.SourceTitle Journal of Pediatrics en
dc.ArchiveNumber 8554 en
dc.URL http://ktree.hsrc.ac.za/doc_read_all.php?docid=15594 en
dc.PageNumber 1740-1746 en
dc.outputnumber 7323 en
dc.bibliographictitle Stein, A.D., Barros, F.C., Bhargava, S.K., Hao, W., Horta, B.L., Lee, N., Kuzawa, C.W., Martorell, R., Ramji, S., Stein, A., Richter, L.M. & Consortium of Health-Orientated Research, (2013) Birth status, child growth, and adult outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. <i>Journal of Pediatrics</i>. 163(6):1740-1746. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/2412 en
dc.publicationyear 2013 en
dc.contributor.author1 Stein, A.D. en
dc.contributor.author2 Barros, F.C. en
dc.contributor.author3 Bhargava, S.K. en
dc.contributor.author4 Hao, W. en
dc.contributor.author5 Horta, B.L. en
dc.contributor.author6 Lee, N. en
dc.contributor.author7 Kuzawa, C.W. en
dc.contributor.author8 Martorell, R. en
dc.contributor.author9 Ramji, S. en
dc.contributor.author10 Stein, A. en
dc.contributor.author11 Richter, L.M. en
dc.contributor.author12 Consortium of Health-Orientated Research, en


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