Perspectives and practices of Xhosa-speaking African traditional healers when managing psychosis

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dc.date.accessioned 2007-03-31 en
dc.date.accessioned 2022-08-17T21:57:52Z
dc.date.available 2022-08-17T21:57:52Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/6077
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to investigate perspectives and practices of Xhosa-speaking African traditional healers, known as "amagqirha", in managing psychosis. Four traditional healers, three male and one female, were chosen to take part in the study through their association with psychosis patients undergoing treatment at a South African psychiatric hospital in Cape Town. In-depth interviews were used to collect data. The interviews were conducted in Xhosa and were tape-recorded. Following translation, the verbatim transcripts were analysed using thematic content analysis. The main themes that emerged from the analysis were grouped under the following three main issues: diagnosis, aetiology, and treatment. In terms of diagnosis, the African traditional healers identified symptoms of psychosis, which are consistent with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia. With regards to aetiology, supernatural powers such as witchcraft, spirit possession, angered ancestors, and genetic predisposition were articulated. Regarding treatment of psychosis, cleansing the patient and his or her family of evil spirits through washing, steaming, and induced vomiting were of major importance, followed by a group of traditional healers evocating evil spirits at the patient's home through singing and dancing. Implications of the findings for the continued co-existence and cooperation between traditional and western healing systems are discussed. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject TRADITIONAL HEALERS en
dc.subject XHOSA (LANGUAGE) en
dc.subject PATIENTS en
dc.subject MENTAL HEALTH en
dc.subject PSYCHIATRIC INSTITUTIONS en
dc.subject HEALTH en
dc.subject PSYCHOLOGY en
dc.subject PSYCHOSIS en
dc.title Perspectives and practices of Xhosa-speaking African traditional healers when managing psychosis en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.Volume 53(4) en
dc.BudgetYear 2006/07 en
dc.ResearchGroup Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS and Health en
dc.SourceTitle International Journal of Disability, Development and Education en
dc.ArchiveNumber 4598 en
dc.PageNumber 417-431 en
dc.outputnumber 3133 en
dc.bibliographictitle Mzimkulu, K.G. & Simbayi, L.C. (2006) Perspectives and practices of Xhosa-speaking African traditional healers when managing psychosis. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education. 53(4):417-431. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/6077 en
dc.publicationyear 2006 en
dc.contributor.author1 Mzimkulu, K.G. en
dc.contributor.author2 Simbayi, L.C. en


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