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Sexual violence and youth in South Africa: the need for community-based prevention interventions

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dc.date.accessioned 2006-09-27 en
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-20T07:55:51Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-20T07:55:51Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-25 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/6507
dc.description.abstract South Africa is reported to have one of the highest rates of sexual violence in the world, with adolescent girls between the ages of 12 and 17 being particularly at risk. Given that adolescence is considered a critical developmental period for establishing normative sexual behavior, this study explored multiple levels of risk influences that render adolescent girls vulnerable to becoming victims of sexual violence and adolescent boys vulnerable to becoming perpetrators of such abuse in one South African community. A case study approach using qualitative rapid focused ethnographic methods was used. This involved 10 focus group interviews and 10 individual interviews with a volunteer convenience sample of adolescent boys and girls between the ages of 14 and 16 years. Inductive thematic analysis revealed that there were indeed multiple levels of risk influences for adolescent girls and boys becoming either victims or perpetrators of sexual violence. Using the Theory of Triadic Influence as a framework, influences at the distal socio-cultural/environmental level included traditional notions of masculinity and normalization of inter-personal violence as well as poverty and the commodification of sex leading to rape supportive attitudes. Influences at the proximal situation context/social normative level included high-risk social norms as well as a weak adult and community protective shield. Finally, influences at the intra-personal level included low self-esteem and self-efficacy as well as inter-personal affective anger. en
dc.format.medium Print en
dc.subject YOUTH en
dc.subject SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR en
dc.title Sexual violence and youth in South Africa: the need for community-based prevention interventions en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.description.version Y en
dc.ProjectNumber SAIAAA en
dc.Volume 29(11) en
dc.BudgetYear 2005/06 en
dc.ResearchGroup Child, Youth, Family and Social Development en
dc.SourceTitle Child Abuse & Neglect en
dc.ArchiveNumber 4135 en
dc.PageNumber 1233-1248 en
dc.outputnumber 2682 en
dc.bibliographictitle Petersen, I., Bhana, A. & McKay, M. (2005) Sexual violence and youth in South Africa: the need for community-based prevention interventions. <i>Child Abuse & Neglect</i>. 29(11):1233-1248. en
dc.publicationyear 2005 en
dc.contributor.author1 Petersen, I. en
dc.contributor.author2 Bhana, A. en
dc.contributor.author3 McKay, M. en

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